How Obesity is defined.



Obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of greater than 30. The BMI is a measure of your weight relative to your height. Obesity is a risk factor for heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and stroke. People who are obese have almost three times the risk for heart disease as people with normal weights. Obesity is mainly caused by taking in more calories than are used up in phys
ical activity and daily life. When people eat too many calories, or too much saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol, their blood cholesterol levels often rise. Obesity is also linked to higher rates of certain types of cancer. Men who are obese are more likely than non-obese men to develop cancer of the colon, rectum, or prostate. Obesity is associated with an enormous number of co-morbidities, including high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, joint and muscle pain, as well as depression and fibromyalgia. Studies have shown that reducing body weight by as little as 5% has a meaningful impact on reducing these co-morbidities. Obesity is associated with increases in all-cause mortality. Obese individuals may experience social stigmatization and discrimination. Obesity is seen as an individual problem, but in the case of children, they have very little control over their environment. Often, the parents have grown up with the same negative environmental factors (fast food availability, little incentive for exercise) and don't know how or why to change what has become a way of life. Obesity is highly correlated with socioeconomic status. And it is a most acute problem among young minorities: African American women, Mexican-American boys, and Native American children have much higher rates of obesity than white children do. Obesity is defined as being 20 percent or more above one's desirable weight range. It is a medical condition that refers mainly to storage of excess body fat. Obesity is parentsí top health concern for children for the second consecutive year, according to a poll by the University of Michiganís C.S. The National Poll on Childrenís Health, a nationally representative household survey of more than 2,000 adults, asked respondents to rate 23 health concerns for children living in their communities. Obesity is strongly associated with high cholesterol and high triglycerides, both of which increase the risk of heart disease. Type II diabetes is very strongly linked to obesity, and diabetes leads to heart disease and premature death.