Migraine headaches



Migraine headaches, which are characterized by painful, disabling, and recurring symptoms, have no known cause, treatment, or cure. Quality population-based data are needed to improve epidemiologic understanding of chronic migraine headaches. Migraine headaches are pulsating or throbbing headaches that typically occur on one side of the head. Migraines are often recurring, and may be accompanied b
y nausea, vomiting, and visual disturbances. Migraine headaches are usually characterized by severe pain on one or both sides of the head, an upset stomach, and, at times, disturbed vision. Women are more likely than men to have migraine headaches. Migraine headaches seem to be caused in part by changes in the level of a body chemical called serotonin. Serotonin plays many roles in the body, and it can have an effect on the blood vessels. Migraine headaches are usually characterized by severe pain on one or both sides of the head and are often accompanied by photophobia (hypersensitivity to light), phonophobia (hypersensitivity to sound) and nausea. The word migraine is French in origin and comes from the Greek hemicrania (as does the Old English term megrim). Migraine headaches are periodic attacks of intense pain on one or both sides of the head. When untreated, they typically last between 4 and 72 hours. Migraine headaches are caused by a rapid widening and narrowing of blood vessel walls in the brain and head. This causes the pain fibers in the blood vessel wall to become irritated. Migraine headaches are truly debilitating disease. Sufferers can be out of commission for days at a time, often when they can least afford to be. Migraine headaches may occur with or without a prodrome. The aura of a migraine may consist of neurologic symptoms, such as dizziness, tinnitus, scotomas, photophobia, or visual scintillations (eg, bright zigzag lines).�The International Headache Society (IHS) redefined and classified headaches to formulate the current categorization, which has been maintained in the second edition. Migraine headaches are like a lottery when it comes to pregnancy. If you are prone to getting migraines, you may experience stronger headaches, or you may find that they diminish. Migraine headaches may cause visual symptoms such as light flashes , temporary blind spots, and blurred vision. Migraines are thought to be caused by the dilation and constriction of arteries in the head. Migraine headaches are common ailments that affect many people all over the world everyday. They are different in nature from any other type of headache and are very distinguishable. Migraine headaches usually involve one side of the head. Various early symptoms may occur before a typical migraine episode. Doctors recommend that you keep a headache log - noting what led up to each migraine to see if there are any common triggers, like dietary issues. Aspirin or ibuprofen help some migraine sufferers with temporary pain relief. Doctors differ widely in their answers. Less thorough-going physicians may simply treat symptoms and show little interest in the root cause of migraine headaches. Doctors used to believe migraines were linked to the opening and narrowing of blood vessels in the head. Now they believe the cause is related to genes that control the activity of some brain cells. Women may have fewer migraines when they are pregnant. Most women with such headaches have fewer attacks during the last two trimesters of pregnancy. Women have about two times higher risk of being affected. This risk increases further if you have a family history of migraines. Women who get migraines are advised not to take these pills. The modern processed diet tends to be deficient in omega-3 essential fatty acids. Women who have migraines just prior to their menstrual period should lower the salt in their diet. This helps to decrease water retention associated with precipitating attacks. Auras are caused by unusual activity in the brain. The auras experienced by migraine sufferers are very similar to those associated with epilepsy . Auras can consist of flashing lights, seeing zig-zag lines, or even temporary vision loss. Symptoms that may be associated with the Classic Migraine include throbbing or pounding felt in the forehead, temple, or jaw; difficulty with speech; weakness of an arm or leg; and confusion. Treatments for the condition range from strong painkillers, visualization and biofeedback techniques, as well as anti-inflammatory drugs that help reduce swelling in the brain tissue. But the cause of migraine headaches has so far eluded researchers, even though many sufferers have reported experiencing the attacks after a change in the weather. Treatment options include aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen, often combined with caffeine, for mild attacks. Triptans (including sumatriptan) or DHE (dihydroergotamine) may be used for moderate to severe attacks. Treatment can include various medicines both for the acute headache and also to prevent the headaches. Effective new medicines are available, but this decision is best left up to your doctor. Treatment should be started immediately at the onset of headache. In mild cases acetaminophen is sufficient. Treatments for migraine headaches can vary from other types as well so gaining as much knowledge as possible about migraines can help you greatly.